Adjectives and Adverbs

What are the differences?

 

Objectives of today’s lesson:

In this lesson, Learn English with Julia presents to you “Adjectives v Adverbs”, in order to:

  • get used to seeing examples of adjectives and adverbs in sentences
  • practise with adjective and adverb examples
  • complete an adjectives and adverbs quiz
  • and start changing adjectives to adverbs

Video Script:

Hello and welcome to this video!

Let’s compare adjectives and adverbs. Let’s start off with what they modify.

  • Adjectives modify nouns.
  • Adverbs modify verbs, other adverbs and adjectives.

Here are some examples of adjectives: possible, literal, rare…

And here are some examples of adverbs: possibly, literally, rarely, very…

Now when do we use ADJECTIVES? We use them to identify or qualify a noun.

While an ADVERB is used to adjust or clarify the meaning of the verb, adverb, or an adjective.

Now the forms are similar. They both can be single words, phrases or clauses. The order is slightly different.

We tend to place an adjective before a noun, whereas an adverb may be placed before or after depending on what it is adjusting.

If it is a verb, it might be placed before or after.

If it’s an adverb modifying another adverb it will be placed before.

Same thing goes when modifying an adjective, the adverb will be placed before.

So be careful with the order of words.

What kind of answers? What kind of questions do these words answer? What kind of answers do we get?

An adjective would answer questions like:

  • What kind is it?
  • How many are there?
  • Which one is it?

Whereas an adverb will answer questions such as:

  • How?
  • Where?
  • Why?
  • How often?
  • When?
  • How much?

There are various types of adjectives. They can either be coordinate or non coordinate. Coordinate would be something like: the tall, thin, dark-haired woman

So those adjectives work with commas.

If I place “and” it’s not going to change the logic or the meaning. So: the tall, thin, and dark-haired woman

These adjectives are coordinate.

Whereas with non coordinate adjectives: if you add “and” it doesn’t work. For example, SHE HAS THREE BLUE SUMMER DRESSES

I can not say: SHE HAS THREE BLUE *AND SUMMER DRESSES.

It does not work because those adjectives are non coordinate.

There aren’t various types of adverbs. But we tend to think that any word ending in -LY This is not always true. It is true with: POSSIBLY, literally, RARELY…

But, for example, we have certain adjectives with end in -LY like LIVELY, LOVELY… etc.

So be careful with the order of words. If you see several adjectives, so consecutive adjectives, be careful because there is a certain order to respect.

And finally, watch out for the spelling of adverbs. In some cases you have to double the final consonant before adding -LY.

That’s it for today!

Get some practice!

Thanks for watching!

Downloadable PDF

Download your Adjectives v Adverbs memo sheet with another practice exercise. Downloadable here: Adjectives v Adverbs _ Learn English with Julia

 

Grammar Quiz:

 

Keywords listed in English:

  • adjective
  • adverb
  • coordinate or non-coordinate adjective


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