Future Simple with “going to”
Objectives of today’s lesson:
In this lesson, Learn English with Julia presents to you “Future Simple with going to”, in order for you to:
- learn the difference between be going to and will
- see going to examples
- complete future will and going to exercises
- understand the present simple used as a future form
Hello and welcome to this video on another tense!
Today we’re looking at the future simple with “going to”.
There’s another video on a simple future with “will”.
Today we’re focusing on this alternative: “going to”.
So for the positive form you can say: I’m going to learn or: I’m going to learn. So with a contraction.
The same goes with the rest of the list.
You are going to learn – you’re going to learn….
he/she/it is going to learn – he’s going to learn, she’s going to learn, it’s going to learn
we are going to learn – we’re going to learn
So the major difficulty here seems to be pronunciation.
you are : you’re
we are : we’re
Let’s carry on.
You are going to learn : you’re going to learn
they are going to learn : they’re going to learn
Now the negative form. You can either say: I am not going to learn or: I’m not going to learn
you are not going to learn or: you’re not going to learn
and so on.
And as for the question form, this is the positive question form: Am I going to learn?
If it’s a negative question form: Am I’m not going to learn? or: aren’t I going to learn?
That’s kind of an exception there.
Are you going to learn?
Are you not going to learn?
Aren’t you going to them?
and so on.
Now when do I use this tense? this future simple? this “We’re going to”?
I can use it for plans in the future so for decisions in the future. For example:
I am going to learn Chinese next year.
As I’m using this signal word “next”, and I’m using this tense “I’m going to”
I’m going to learn Chinese next year.
I can also use this tense for predictions. So I could say very easily: it’s going to rain later on today. It’s going to rain So that’s a prediction.
These signal words are very useful if you wish to use this future tense: tomorrow, later, in…, next…, tonight, and so on.
And finally some hints as usual:
– Don’t forget the components to form this tense.
– Look at the alternatives and see how the use of this simple future is maybe slightly different to the future simple with “will”.
– And finally look at adverb placement.
as you have lots of different elements
don’t get confused as to where to place your adverb.
Keywords listed in English:
- future simple
- future tense
- adverbs of time